The History of the Medical Faculty
Cession of Hong Kong Island
The Treaty of Nanking is signed between China and the United Kingdom to end the First Opium War (1839-1842), whereby Hong Kong Island is ceded to the UK.
Opening of Medical Missionary Society Hospital
Medical Missionary Hospital on Morrison Hill, is established by Benjamin Hobson sent by the London Missionary Society.
Influx of Immigrants due to Taiping Rebellion
An influx of immigrants, sparked by poverty and political instability in Mainland China due to the Taiping Rebellion, arises and continues for the next twenty years.
Opening of Lock Hospital
Lock Hospital, Hong Kong's first venereal diseases hospital, is opened.
Signing of Peking Convention
The Peking Convention is signed, ending the second Opium War and ceding Kowloon to Britain.
Opening of Tung Wah Hospital
Tung Wah Hospital is opened and offers only Chinese herbal medicine. Equipped with 80-100 beds, it provides treatment for poor patients gratis and wealthy self-paying patients.
Nethersole Dispensary Founded
Mr. Henry William Davis, donates substantially to found Nethersole Dispensary, which is named after Davis' mother.
Return of Ho Kai
Ho Kai, the first Hong Kong-born Chinese qualified in Western medicine, returns to HK and calls for changes in the city's medical care landscape as well as university education.
Arrival of Patrick Manson
Patrick Manson begins his medical practice in Hong Kong.
Establishment of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese
Opening of the Alice Memorial Hospital
Outbreak of Smallpox Epidemic
The Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese (HKCMC) is founded by Patrick Manson, Ho Kai and James Cantile, with Manson acting as its dean.
Alice Memorial Hospital is built in memory of Ho Kai’s wife, Alice Walkden, who died of typhoid fever.
A smallpox epidemic leads to large-scale vaccination efforts in Hong Kong.
First Graduates of the HKCMC
The first two graduates of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese, Sun Yat-sen and Kong Ying-wah, are granted the qualified diploma of medicine.
Opening of the Nethersole Hospital
The Nethersole Hospital, named in memory of H. W. Davis’ mother, is opened, and offers the first nursing course in Hong Kong.
Outbreak of Bubonic Plague
Bubonic Plague ravages Hong Kong during 1894-1923 and some 21,867 cases are reported with 20,489 recorded deaths
China Leases the New Territories to the UK
China leases the New Territories, including 235 islands, to Britain for 99 years.
Opening of the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital
The Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opens, offering the first medical course for midwives.
Opening of Ho Miu Ling Hospital
Ho Miu Ling Hospital, named after one of Ho Kai’s sisters, is opened.
Renaming of the HKCMC
The College is renamed the Hong Kong College of Medicine.
Licentiates of the Hong Kong College of Medicine are recognized to be able to sign death certificates.
Foundation Stone Laid in HKU
Inauguration of the Kowloon-Canton Railway
Foundation Stone of Main Building is Laid by Governor Frederick Lugard on March 16, 1910.
The Kowloon-Canton Railway begins operation.
HKU Incorporated by Ordinance
Opening of Kwong Wah Hospital
The University of Hong Kong is incorporated by University Ordinance.
Kwong Wah Hospital, a sister hospital to Tung Wah Hospital, is opened, offering Western medical and surgical services.
HKU Formally Opened
The University of Hong Kong is formally opened and the Hong Kong College of Medicine is incorporated within HKU as the first faculty. F. W. Clark becomes the first dean of the Faculty.
Establishment of the Ng Li Hing School of Anatomy
United Kingdom General Medical Council Grants Full Recognition
The Ng Li Hing School of Anatomy is founded at the University of Hong Kong.
The United Kingdom General Medical Council extends full recognition to the degrees awarded by HKU.
First MBBS Graduate
Influx of Immigrants due to WWI
George Harold Thomas, a former student at the College of Medicine, becomes the first graduate to be conferred the combined degree, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, from the Faculty of Medicine at HKU.
World War I results in an influx of immigrants to Hong Kong from the Mainland.
Extension of the Ng Li Hing School of Anatomy
The Ng Li Hing School of Anatomy is extended to accommodate Physiology and becomes known as the School of Anatomy and Physiology.
Establishment of the School of Tropical Medicine and Pathology
The School of Tropical Medicine and Pathology is founded on a site adjacent to the School of Anatomy and Physiology.
Wang Chung-yik Becomes the Chair of Pathology
Wang Chung-yik, a licentiate of the College of Medicine, becomes the first Chinese to be appointed to the Chair of Pathology.
K. H. Digby Becomes the Chair of Surgery
Endowment from the Rockefeller Foundation
Opening of Tsan Yuk Hospital
Establishment of Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital
K. H. Digby is appointed to the chair of surgery.
The Rockefeller Foundation offers to fund Chairs in Surgery, Medicine, and Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Chairs in Medicine and Surgery are established.
Tsan Yuk Hospital is founded, and begins offering obstetrics training to medical students (until 2001).
Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital, originally named Yeung Wo Nursing Home, is established.
Chair in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Established
The Rockefeller-funded chair in obstetrics and gynaecology is established.
Opening of Kowloon Hospital
Kowloon Hospital is opened.
Opening of Tung Wah Eastern Hospital
Tung Wah Eastern Hospital is opened.
First Master of Surgery Graduate
Phoon Seck-wah becomes the first graduate from the Faculty to be awarded the degree of Master of Surgery.
MBBS Degree Renewed
The General Medical Council renews its recognition of the MBBS Degree after a visit by Richard Needham.
Establishment of the School of Surgery
The School of Surgery, later renamed Digby School of Surgery, is formally opened on 7 January.
Opening of Queen Mary Hospital
Repurposing of the Government Civil Hospital
Outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War
Queen Mary Hospital is founded to provide clinical teaching, with the exception of obstetrics, for HKU medical students.
The Government Civil Hospital, where medical training has been taking place before the establishment of Queen Mary Hospital, becomes an infectious disease hospital, and would be renamed later to Sai Ying Pun Hospital.
The Sino-Japanese War breaks out and refugees from China bring Hong Kong’s population to 1.6 million.
Suspension of HKU Activities during WWII
Japanese Occupation of HK
HKU activities are put to a halt. Gordon King, the dean of the Medical Faculty, commands the University emergency hospital to provide medical assistance to both civilians and the military.
Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong beings on 25th December when Governor Sir Mark Young surrenders to Japan. The occupation lasts three years and eight months.
Japan surrenders. Hong Kong’s population drops to 600,000 due to food shortage caused by the war.
Resumption of HKU Classes after WWII
Resumption of Chinese Civil War
HKU classes resume. 33 medical students, who completed studies in Free China are conferred the recognized degree by the Hong Kong University Medical Degrees Emergency Committee.
The Chinese Civil War resumes, bringing a large number of refugees to Hong Kong, many of whom live in squatter huts on hillsides.
HKU Reopened after WWII
The University is officially reopened and new medical undergraduates are admitted again.
Establishment of the People's Republic of China
Opening of Ruttonjee Hospital
The People’s Republic of China is established with Beijing as its capital.
Ruttonjee Hospital, originally named Ruttonjee Sanatorium, is opened with a $800,000 donation from Mr. Jehangir Hormusjee Ruttonjee. The hospital is dedicated to the treatment of tuberculosis.
Hong Kong Suffers from Embargo
Because of the Korean War, Hong Kong suffers from United States’ embargo on China.
First Post-war Graduates
The first post-war group of 22 students graduate. One outstanding student, David Todd later becomes the first graduate to be appointed as a professor of medicine.
Introduction of Internship for Medical Students
Shek Kip Mei Fire
Haven of Hope Hospital Opened
The Medical Council of Hong Kong requires all medical students to complete a pre-registration year of internship in hospitals after graduation.
A major fire devastates the Shek Kip Mei shantytown of immigrants from Mainland China.
Haven of Hope Hospital is opened.
The Hong Kong Operation
A. R. Hodgson and F. E. Stock publish a paper on their pioneering anterior approach for the surgical treatment of spinal tuberculosis. The new technique catches worldwide attention and becomes known as the “Hong Kong operation”.
Gratham Hospital Opened
Grantham Hospital is opened, dedicated to the treatment of heart and lung diseases.
Opening of the New Pathology Building
The new Pathology Building at Queen Mary Hospital begins operation.
First PhD student
Cholera Vaccination Campaign
The first student is admitted for a Doctor of Philosophy degree.
The cholera outbreak in Lau Fau Shan leads to a cholera vaccination campaign.
Queen Elizabeth Hospital Opened
Queen Elizabeth Hospital goes into service.
First Open-heart Surgery
Caritas Medical Center Opened.
The first open-heart surgery in Hong Kong is performed by Ong Guan-bee and his team.
Caritas Medical Center is opened.
Opening of Li Shu Fan Building
Li Shu Fan Building of HKU Medical Faculty in Sassoon Road is opened to accommodate preclinical departments.
New Building Opened
The first phase of a then unnamed building adjoining the Li Shu Fan Building, housing the Medical Library and Faculty offices, is formally opened on Jan 22.
Opening of the Professorial Block
The Professorial Block is opened within the Queen Mary Hospital compound to facilitate teaching, administration and research for patient care departments.
Outbreak of Hong Kong Flu
52 cases of open-heart surgery are successfully conducted between 1968-69.
The outbreak of Hong Kong flu infects an estimated 500,000 Hong Kong residents.
First Kidney Transplant
The first kidney transplant is performed by a surgical team at Queen Mary Hospital.
Construction of Patrick Manson Building
Master of Medical Sciences introduced
Opening of HK's First Cross-harbor Tunnel
The construction of the building adjoining Li Shu Fan Building, which houses Medical Library and Faculty offices, is completed, and the building is named Patrick Manson Building at its formal opening in 1973.
A one year full-time course leading to Master of Medical Science is introduced
Hong Kong’s first cross-harbour tunnel is opened.
Yan Chai Hospital and United Christian Hospital Opened
Yan Chai Hospital and United Christian Hospital are opened.
Influx of Vietnamese Refugees
Princess Margaret Hospital Opened
A large influx of Vietnamese refugees to Hong Kong begins at the conclusion of the Vietnam War. Most would be resettled elsewhere.
Princess Margaret Hospital is opened.
First Microsurgical Thumb Replant
The first successful microsurgical thumb replant in Hong Kong takes place.
Opening of Pauline Chan Building
The Pauline Chan Building is opened on the HKU Medical Campus, and consists of student and staff amenities as well as the Medical Illustration Unit.
Faculty of Medicine Established at CUHK
The Faculty of Medicine is established at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
First HKU Graduate as Dean
Rosie Young Tse-tse is appointed as Dean of the Faculty, the first HKU medical graduate for the post.
Signing of the Sino-British Joint Declaration
Prince of Wales Hospital Opened
The Sino-British Joint Declaration is signed, confirming the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong and triggering an emigration exodus.
Prince of Wales Hospital is opened and becomes the teaching hospital of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Renaming of the Medical Library
The library at the Li Shu Fan Building is renamed the Lee Hysan Medical Library.
Centenary of the Faculty
Celebrations take place for the centenary of HKU Medical Faculty and of medical education in Hong Kong.
First Bone Marrow Transplant
Establishment of Hospital Authority
Tuen Mun Hospital Opened
The first bone marrow transplant in Hong Kong takes place.
The Hospital Authority is established in Hong Kong to operate all public hospitals.
Tuen Mun Hospital is opened.
First Liver Transplant
Shatin Hospital Opened
Hong Kong’s first liver transplant is performed by a team at Queen Mary Hospital.
Shatin Hospital is opened.
First Heart Transplant
Hong Kong Eye Hospital Opened
The first heart transplant in Hong Kong takes place at Grantham Hospital.
Hong Kong Eye Hospital is Opened.
Inauguration of the HKAM
An Inaugural Ceremony of Hong Kong Academy of Medicine, attended by over 167 overseas dignitaries, was held on 9 December 1993 during which over 2,000 Fellows were admitted according to the admission criteria set by the Interim Council.
Cord Blood Transplant Service Begins
Provision of cord blood transplant service begins.
Establishment of the Department of Nursing Studies
First Lung Transplant
Two New HKAM Colleges
The Department of Nursing Studies is established and the Bachelor of Nursing program is launched.
First lung transplant in Hong Kong takes place in 1995.
The College of Ophthalmologists of Hong Kong and the Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists are admitted as two new colleges of Hong Kong Academy of Medicine.
World's First Liver Transplant Using Right Lobe
Clinical Trials Centre Established
First Olympic Gold Medal
Opening of Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences
A surgical team from HKU carries out the world’s first successful living-related adult liver transplant using the donor’s right lobe.
The Clinical Trials Centre is established to promote clinical research activities at the University.
Windsurfing athlete Lee Lai-Shan wins the first ever Olympic gold medal for Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences (HKMMS) is opened on the original site of Pathological Institutes.
Medical Curriculum Reform
Handover of Hong Kong
Outbreak of Avian Flu (H5N1)
One More HKAM College
The undergraduate medical curriculum undergoes a major reform, introducing problem-based and system-based learning.
The Faculty celebrates its 110th Anniversary.
Hong Kong reunifies with China and becomes the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
First known cases of human infection of the H5N1 virus are reported in Hong Kong, where 6 out of 18 infected are killed. The Hong Kong Government orders 1.3 million chickens killed and suspends the import of live poultry from China.
Another new college of Hong Kong Academy of Medicine, the Hong Kong College of Emergence Medicine is admitted, increasing the total number of Academy colleges to 15.
Launch of the Bachelor of Chinese Medicine Program
Opening of the Hong Kong International Airport
North District Hospital Opened
The School of Chinese Medicine is established and the Bachelor of Chinese Medicine program is launched.
The Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok begins operation.
North District Hospital is opened.
Inauguration of the New Medical Campus
The new medical campus on Sassoon Road is inaugurated. The new complex, coverying over 48,000 square meters of space, provides up-to-date equipment and state-of-the-art facilities for leading medical education and research.
Discovery of the SARS Coronavirus
Premier's Visit to the Faculty
Outbreak of SARS
The Department of Microbiology identifies the SARS coronavirus as the primary causative agent for SARS.
Premier Wen Jiabao pays tribute to the Medical Faculty’s contribution in fighting SARS.
The outbreak of SARS in Hong Kong infects 1755 Hong Kong citizens and kills 299.
Establishment of the Institute of Medical and Health Sciences Education
The Institute of Medical and Health Sciences Education is established, providing a regional benchmark and fostering excellence in professional medical education.
Establishment of the State Key Laboratories
Renaming of the Faculty
The State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases and Brain and Cognitive Sciences are established - the first of such located outside the Mainland.
The Faculty is named Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine in recognition of the generous donation of the Li Ka Shing Foundation.
Liver Transplant Team Wins State Scientific and Technology Progress Award
The liver transplant team from the Department of Surgery receives first-class award in the category of State Scientific and Technology Progress Award.
Research Project Sets HK$76M Grant Record
Smoking in Public Banned
A research project titled “Control of Pandemic and Inter-pandemic influenza”, led by HKU researchers, has been awarded HK$76 million in funding by the University Grants Committee (UGC) in the fourth round of its Areas of Excellence (AoE) scheme. It is the largest funding ever awarded by the UGC under the AoE scheme.
Celebrations take place for the 120th Anniversary of the Medical Faculty and medical education in HK.
Smoking in indoor areas of workplace, restaurants and in public places banned.
Launch of the Bachelor of Pharmacy Program
The Faculty launches the Bachelor of Pharmacy program.
School of Public Health Inaugurated
Outbreak of Human Swine Influenza
Extension of Smoking Ban
The School of Public Health is officially inaugurated in 2009. And following an internal reorganisation in 2012, all substantive functions of the then Department of Community Medicine, Unit for Behavioural Sciences, influenza/public health virology research team (previously part of the Department of Microbiology), and HKU-Pasteur Pole become incorporated into the School.
Human Swine Influenza breaks out in Hong Kong. There have been 22,054 reported cases of infection along with 15 recorded deaths up until 20 September in the city.
The smoking ban on entertainment venues is extended to include all public indoor areas.
Faculty Ranked No.1 in Asia
State Key Laboratory Established
School of Chinese Medicine Established
School of Nursing Established
Launch of Chinese Medicine Registration Law
The Faculty ranks No.1 in Asia in the category “Clinical, Preclinical and Health Universities” of the 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.
State Key Laboratory for Liver Research is established in 2010.
The School of Chinese Medicine (SCM) is formally integrated into the Faculty in 2010.
The Department of Nursing Studies was renamed the School of Nursing in 2010 to bring its status to a level commensurate with its accomplishment in undergraduate and postgraduate education and research at the regional and international level.
Chinese Medicine Registration Law is launched and it stipulates that all Chinese proprietary medicines must be registered according to requirements by the Chinese Medicine Board of Hong Kong Chinese Medicine Council that they can be imported, sold or possessed.
Theme-based Research Scheme
Two health-related projects, "Personalized Medicine for Cardiovascular Diseases: From Genomic Testing and Biomarkers to Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Platform" and "Cell-based Heart Regeneration", led by the Faculty's researchers are funded in the first round of the Research Grants Committee's Theme-based Research Scheme.
Launch of the BBiomedSc Programme
Opening of HKU-Shenzhen Hospital
Theme-based Research Scheme
Department of Ophthalmology Established
Enhanced Surveillance Mechanism for Novel Coronavirus
The Faculty launches the Bachelor of Biomedical Sciences program.
HKU-Shenzhen Hospital opens as HKU’s affiliate teaching hospital.
A health-related project, "Functional analyses of how genomic variation affects personal risk for degenerative skeletal disorders", led by the Faculty's researchers are funded in the second round of the Research Grants Committee's Theme-based Research Scheme.
The Eye Institute formed in 2003 has grown quickly and robustly and becomes the Department of Ophthalmology in 2012.
The Center for Health Protection forms an enhanced surveillance mechanism for cases of novel coronavirus (later named Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) infection, following the World Health Organisation's report on a case of novel coronavirus infection on 23 September.
Collaboration with The University of Edinburgh
State Key Laboratory established
North Lantau Hospital Formally Opened
New articulation arrangements between Biomedical Sciences of HKU and Veterinary Studies of The University of Edinburgh are introduced, enabling students to acquire two degrees in seven years.
The State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology is established.
With the completion of the second phase construction, North Lantau Hospital is formally opened.
Higher Education Outstanding Scientific Research Output Awards
Theme-based Research Scheme
The HKU liver transplant team wins the First Class Award of 2013 Higher Education Outstanding Scientific Research Output Awards from the Ministry of Education, China.
Two health-related projects, "Viral, Host and Environmental Determinants of Influenza Virus Transmission and Pathogenesis" and "Genetics and Functional Genomics of Neural Crest Stem Cells and Associated Disease: Hirschsprung Disease", led by the Faculty's researchers are funded in the fourth round of the Research Grants Committee's Theme-based Research Scheme.
Unveiling of WHO Collaborating Centre
Establishment of the School of Biomedical Sciences
Theme-based Research Scheme
Warning Issued against Mers Outbreak in Korea
HKU School of Public Health is designated as a WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control.
The Departments of Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology are combined into the School of Biomedical Sciences,
A health-related projects, "Molecular Basis for Interspecies Transmission and Pathogenesis of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus", led by the Faculty's researchers are funded in the fifth round of the Research Grants Committee's Theme-based Research Scheme.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (Mers) breaks out in Korea. The Hong Kong government issues "serious" health response against the epidemic and urges the public to avoid visiting South Korea given its increasing death toll and infection cases.